the account in all four versions and answer the questions that follow.
the High Priest
||53 They took Jesus to the high priest, and all the chief priests,
elders and teachers of the law came together.
||54 Then seizing him, they led him away and took him into the
house of the high priest.
||12 Then the detachment of soldiers with its commander and the
Jewish officials arrested Jesus. They bound him
13 and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law
of Caiaphas, the high priest that year.
14 Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it would
be good if one man died for the people.
|58 But Peter followed him at a distance, right up to the courtyard
of the high priest. He entered and sat down with the guards to see the
69 Now Peter was sitting out in the courtyard, and a servant
girl came to him. "You also were with Jesus of Galilee," she said.
70 But he denied it before them all. "I don't know what you're
talking about," he said.
71 Then he went out to the gateway, where another girl saw him
and said to the people there, "This fellow was with Jesus of Nazareth."
72 He denied it again, with an oath: "I don't know the man!"
73 After a little while, those standing there went up to Peter
and said, "Surely you are one of them, for your accent gives you away."
74 Then he began to call down curses on himself and he swore
to them, "I don't know the man!" Immediately a rooster crowed.
75 Then Peter remembered the word Jesus had spoken: "Before the
rooster crows, you will disown me three times." And he went outside and
|54 Peter followed him at a distance, right into the courtyard
of the high priest. There he sat with the guards and warmed himself at
65 Then some began to spit at him; they blindfolded him, struck
him with their fists, and said, "Prophesy!" And the guards took him and
66 While Peter was below in the courtyard, one of the servant
girls of the high priest came by.
67 When she saw Peter warming himself, she looked closely at
him. "You also were with that Nazarene, Jesus," she said.
68 But he denied it. "I don't know or understand what you're
talking about," he said, and went out into the entryway.
69 When the servant girl saw him there, she said again to those
standing around, "This fellow is one of them."
70 Again he denied it. After a little while, those standing near
said to Peter, "Surely you are one of them, for you are a Galilean."
71 He began to call down curses on himself, and he swore to them,
"I don't know this man you're talking about."
72 Immediately the rooster crowed the second time. Then Peter
remembered the word Jesus had spoken to him: "Before the rooster crows
twice you will disown me three times." And he broke down and wept.
|54 Peter followed at a distance
55 But when they had kindled a fire in the middle of the courtyard
and had sat down together, Peter sat down with them.
56 A servant girl saw him seated there in the firelight. She
looked closely at him and said, "This man was with him."
57 But he denied it. "Woman, I don't know him," he said.
58 A little later someone else saw him and said, "You also are
one of them." "Man, I am not!" Peter replied.
59 About an hour later another asserted, "Certainly this fellow
was with him, for he is a Galilean."
60 Peter replied, "Man, I don't know what you're talking about!"
Just as he was speaking, the rooster crowed.
61 The Lord turned and looked straight at Peter. Then Peter remembered
the word the Lord had spoken to him: "Before the rooster crows today, you
will disown me three times."
62 And he went outside and wept bitterly.
|15 Simon Peter and another disciple were following Jesus. Because
this disciple was known to the high priest, he went with Jesus into the
high priest's courtyard,
16 but Peter had to wait outside at the door. The other disciple,
who was known to the high priest, came back, spoke to the girl on duty
there and brought Peter in.
17 "You are not one of his disciples, are you?" the girl at the
door asked Peter. He replied, "I am not."
18 It was cold, and the servants and officials stood around a
fire they had made to keep warm. Peter also was standing with them, warming
25 As Simon Peter stood warming himself, he was asked, "You are
not one of his disciples, are you?" He denied it, saying, "I am not."
26 One of the high priest's servants, a relative of the man whose
ear Peter had cut off, challenged him, "Didn't I see you with him in the
27 Again Peter denied it, and at that moment a rooster began
|57 Those who had arrested Jesus took him to Caiaphas, the high
priest, where the teachers of the law and the elders had assembled.
59 The chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were looking for
false evidence against Jesus so that they could put him to death.
60 But they did not find any, though many false witnesses came
forward. Finally two came forward
61 and declared, "This fellow said, 'I am able to destroy the
temple of God and rebuild it in three days.'"
62 Then the high priest stood up and said to Jesus, "Are you
not going to answer? What is this testimony that these men are bringing
63 But Jesus remained silent. The high priest said to him, "I
charge you under oath by the living God: Tell us if you are the Christ,
the Son of God."
64 "Yes, it is as you say," Jesus replied. "But I say to all
of you: In the future you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right
hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven."
65 Then the high priest tore his clothes and said, "He has spoken
blasphemy! Why do we need any more witnesses? Look, now you have heard
66 What do you think?" "He is worthy of death," they answered.
67 Then they spit in his face and struck him with their fists.
Others slapped him
68 and said, "Prophesy to us, Christ. Who hit you?"
27:1 Early in the morning, all the chief priests and the elders
of the people came to the decision to put Jesus to death.
|55 The chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were looking for
evidence against Jesus so that they could put him to death, but they did
not find any.
56 Many testified falsely against him, but their statements did
57 Then some stood up and gave this false testimony against him:
58 "We heard him say, 'I will destroy this man-made temple and
in three days will build another, not made by man.'"
59 Yet even then their testimony did not agree.
60 Then the high priest stood up before them and asked Jesus,
"Are you not going to answer? What is this testimony that these men are
bringing against you?"
61 But Jesus remained silent and gave no answer. Again the high
priest asked him, "Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed One?"
62 "I am," said Jesus. "And you will see the Son of Man sitting
at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven."
63 The high priest tore his clothes. "Why do we need any more
witnesses?" he asked.
64 "You have heard the blasphemy. What do you think?" They all
condemned him as worthy of death.
|63 The men who were guarding Jesus began mocking and beating
64 They blindfolded him and demanded, "Prophesy! Who hit you?"
65 And they said many other insulting things to him.
66 At daybreak the council of the elders of the people, both
the chief priests and teachers of the law, met together, and Jesus was
led before them.
67 "If you are the Christ, " they said, "tell us." Jesus answered,
"If I tell you, you will not believe me,
68 and if I asked you, you would not answer.
69 But from now on, the Son of Man will be seated at the right
hand of the mighty God."
70 They all asked, "Are you then the Son of God?" He replied,
"You are right in saying I am."
71 Then they said, "Why do we need any more testimony? We have
heard it from his own lips."
|19 Meanwhile, the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples
and his teaching.
20 "I have spoken openly to the world," Jesus replied. "I always
taught in synagogues or at the temple, where all the Jews come together.
I said nothing in secret.
21 Why question me? Ask those who heard me. Surely they know
what I said."
22 When Jesus said this, one of the officials nearby struck him
in the face. "Is this the way you answer the high priest?" he demanded.
23 "If I said something wrong," Jesus replied, "testify as to
what is wrong. But if I spoke the truth, why did you strike me?"
24 Then Annas sent him, still bound, to Caiaphas the high priest.
|3 When Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned,
he was seized with remorse and returned the thirty silver coins to the
chief priests and the elders.
4 "I have sinned," he said, "for I have betrayed innocent blood."
"What is that to us?" they replied. "That's your responsibility."
5 So Judas threw the money into the temple and left. Then he
went away and hanged himself.
6 The chief priests picked up the coins and said, "It is against
the law to put this into the treasury, since it is blood money."
7 So they decided to use the money to buy the potter's field
as a burial place for foreigners.
8 That is why it has been called the Field of Blood to this day.
9 Then what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled:
"They took the thirty silver coins, the price set on him by the people
10 and they used them to buy the potter's field, as the Lord
|2 They bound him, led him away and handed him over to Pilate,
11 Meanwhile Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor
asked him, "Are you the king of the Jews?" "Yes, it is as you say," Jesus
12 When he was accused by the chief priests and the elders, he
gave no answer.
13 Then Pilate asked him, "Don't you hear the testimony they
are bringing against you?"
14 But Jesus made no reply, not even to a single charge--to the
great amazement of the governor.
|15:1 Very early in the morning, the chief priests, with the elders,
the teachers of the law and the whole Sanhedrin, reached a decision. They
bound Jesus, led him away and handed him over to Pilate.
2 "Are you the king of the Jews?" asked Pilate. "Yes, it is as
you say," Jesus replied.
3 The chief priests accused him of many things.
4 So again Pilate asked him, "Aren't you going to answer? See
how many things they are accusing you of."
5 But Jesus still made no reply, and Pilate was amazed.
|23:1 Then the whole assembly rose and led him off to Pilate.
2 And they began to accuse him, saying, "We have found this man
subverting our nation. He opposes payment of taxes to Caesar and claims
to be Christ, a king."
3 So Pilate asked Jesus, "Are you the king of the Jews?" "Yes,
it is as you say," Jesus replied.
4 Then Pilate announced to the chief priests and the crowd, "I
find no basis for a charge against this man."
5 But they insisted, "He stirs up the people all over Judea by
his teaching. He started in Galilee and has come all the way here."
6 On hearing this, Pilate asked if the man was a Galilean.
||7 When he learned that Jesus was under Herod's jurisdiction,
he sent him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time.
8 When Herod saw Jesus, he was greatly pleased, because for a
long time he had been wanting to see him. From what he had heard about
him, he hoped to see him perform some miracle.
9 He plied him with many questions, but Jesus gave him no answer.
10 The chief priests and the teachers of the law were standing
there, vehemently accusing him.
11 Then Herod and his soldiers ridiculed and mocked him. Dressing
him in an elegant robe, they sent him back to Pilate.
12 That day Herod and Pilate became friends--before this they
had been enemies.
||13 Pilate called together the chief priests, the rulers and the
14 and said to them, "You brought me this man as one who was
inciting the people to rebellion. I have examined him in your presence
and have found no basis for your charges against him.
15 Neither has Herod, for he sent him back to us; as you can
see, he has done nothing to deserve death.
|28 Then the Jews led Jesus from Caiaphas to the palace of the
Roman governor. By now it was early morning, and to avoid ceremonial uncleanness
the Jews did not enter the palace; they wanted to be able to eat the Passover.
29 So Pilate came out to them and asked, "What charges are you
bringing against this man?"
30 "If he were not a criminal," they replied, "we would not have
handed him over to you."
31 Pilate said, "Take him yourselves and judge him by your own
law." "But we have no right to execute anyone," the Jews objected.
32 This happened so that the words Jesus had spoken indicating
the kind of death he was going to die would be fulfilled.
33 Pilate then went back inside the palace, summoned Jesus and
asked him, "Are you the king of the Jews?"
34 "Is that your own idea," Jesus asked, "or did others talk
to you about me?"
35 "Am I a Jew?" Pilate replied. "It was your people and your
chief priests who handed you over to me. What is it you have done?"
36 Jesus said, "My kingdom is not of this world. If it were,
my servants would fight to prevent my arrest by the Jews. But now my kingdom
is from another place."
37 "You are a king, then!" said Pilate. Jesus answered, "You
are right in saying I am a king. In fact, for this reason I was born, and
for this I came into the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone on the
side of truth listens to me."
38 "What is truth?" Pilate asked. With this he went out again
to the Jews and said, "I find no basis for a charge against him.
|15 Now it was the governor's custom at the Feast to release a
prisoner chosen by the crowd.
16 At that time they had a notorious prisoner, called Barabbas.
17 So when the crowd had gathered, Pilate asked them, "Which
one do you want me to release to you: Barabbas, or Jesus who is called
18 For he knew it was out of envy that they had handed Jesus
over to him.
19 While Pilate was sitting on the judge's seat, his wife sent
him this message: "Don't have anything to do with that innocent man, for
I have suffered a great deal today in a dream because of him."
20 But the chief priests and the elders persuaded the crowd to
ask for Barabbas and to have Jesus executed.
21 "Which of the two do you want me to release to you?" asked
the governor. "Barabbas," they answered.
22 "What shall I do, then, with Jesus who is called Christ?"
Pilate asked. They all answered, "Crucify him!"
23 "Why? What crime has he committed?" asked Pilate. But they
shouted all the louder, "Crucify him!"
24 When Pilate saw that he was getting nowhere, but that instead
an uproar was starting, he took water and washed his hands in front of
the crowd. "I am innocent of this man's blood," he said. "It is your responsibility!"
25 All the people answered, "Let his blood be on us and on our
26 Then he released Barabbas to them. But he had Jesus flogged,
and handed him over to be crucified.
|6 Now it was the custom at the Feast to release a prisoner whom
the people requested.
7 A man called Barabbas was in prison with the insurrectionists
who had committed murder in the uprising.
8 The crowd came up and asked Pilate to do for them what he usually
9 "Do you want me to release to you the king of the Jews?" asked
10 knowing it was out of envy that the chief priests had handed
Jesus over to him.
11 But the chief priests stirred up the crowd to have Pilate
release Barabbas instead.
12 "What shall I do, then, with the one you call the king of
the Jews?" Pilate asked them.
13 "Crucify him!" they shouted.
14 "Why? What crime has he committed?" asked Pilate. But they
shouted all the louder, "Crucify him!"
15 Wanting to satisfy the crowd, Pilate released Barabbas to
them. He had Jesus flogged, and handed him over to be crucified.
|16 Therefore, I will punish him and then release him."
18 With one voice they cried out, "Away with this man! Release
Barabbas to us!"
19 (Barabbas had been thrown into prison for an insurrection
in the city, and for murder.)
20 Wanting to release Jesus, Pilate appealed to them again.
21 But they kept shouting, "Crucify him! Crucify him!"
22 For the third time he spoke to them: "Why? What crime has
this man committed? I have found in him no grounds for the death penalty.
Therefore I will have him punished and then release him."
23 But with loud shouts they insistently demanded that he be
crucified, and their shouts prevailed.
24 So Pilate decided to grant their demand.
25 He released the man who had been thrown into prison for insurrection
and murder, the one they asked for, and surrendered Jesus to their will.
|39 But it is your custom for me to release to you one prisoner
at the time of the Passover. Do you want me to release 'the king of the
40 They shouted back, "No, not him! Give us Barabbas!" Now Barabbas
had taken part in a rebellion.
|27 Then the governor's soldiers took Jesus into the Praetorium
and gathered the whole company of soldiers around him.
28 They stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him,
29 and then twisted together a crown of thorns and set it on
his head. They put a staff in his right hand and knelt in front of him
and mocked him. "Hail, king of the Jews!" they said.
30 They spit on him, and took the staff and struck him on the
head again and again.
31 After they had mocked him, they took off the robe and put
his own clothes on him. Then they led him away to crucify him.
|16 The soldiers led Jesus away into the palace (that is, the
Praetorium) and called together the whole company of soldiers.
17 They put a purple robe on him, then twisted together a crown
of thorns and set it on him.
18 And they began to call out to him, "Hail, king of the Jews!"
19 Again and again they struck him on the head with a staff and
spit on him. Falling on their knees, they paid homage to him.
20 And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple robe
and put his own clothes on him. Then they led him out to crucify him.
||19:1 Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged.
2 The soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it
on his head. They clothed him in a purple robe
3 and went up to him again and again, saying, "Hail, king of
the Jews!" And they struck him in the face.
||4 Once more Pilate came out and said to the Jews, "Look, I am
bringing him out to you to let you know that I find no basis for a charge
5 When Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple
robe, Pilate said to them, "Here is the man!"
6 As soon as the chief priests and their officials saw him, they
shouted, "Crucify! Crucify!" But Pilate answered, "You take him and crucify
him. As for me, I find no basis for a charge against him."
7 The Jews insisted, "We have a law, and according to that law
he must die, because he claimed to be the Son of God."
8 When Pilate heard this, he was even more afraid,
9 and he went back inside the palace. "Where do you come from?"
he asked Jesus, but Jesus gave him no answer.
10 "Do you refuse to speak to me?" Pilate said. "Don't you realize
I have power either to free you or to crucify you?"
11 Jesus answered, "You would have no power over me if it were
not given to you from above. Therefore the one who handed me over to you
is guilty of a greater sin."
12 From then on, Pilate tried to set Jesus free, but the Jews
kept shouting, "If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone
who claims to be a king opposes Caesar."
13 When Pilate heard this, he brought Jesus out and sat down
on the judge's seat at a place known as the Stone Pavement (which in Aramaic
14 It was the day of Preparation of Passover Week, about the
sixth hour. "Here is your king," Pilate said to the Jews.
15 But they shouted, "Take him away! Take him away! Crucify him!"
"Shall I crucify your king?" Pilate asked. "We have no king but Caesar,"
the chief priests answered.
16 Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified. So
the soldiers took charge of Jesus.
List the sequence of events of this trial.
What happened to Peter?
What can you find out about Barabbas from
How many interactions did Jesus and Pilate
What was Pilate's initial judegement?
What made him change his mind?
When did this trial occur? What references
to time can you find in this sequence?
(During this period of history the first
hour was 6AM when the sun rose.)
Compare the reactions of each person to
Why do you think Peter denied Jesus?
What is your reaction to this trial?